The History of Pest Control
The use of pest control ranges from do-it-yourself arrangements to
medical and very precise application of chemicals and deceptive insects by
highly skilled practitioners. While pest control is a world-wide
industry it continues to be dominated by family or 1-person businesses. Those that need
to control pests range from householders to
large level agri-conglomerates who require to maximise their yield. In the middle
these two are restaurants, bars, food production facilities, farmers – in simple fact,
anybody that routinely bargains with food. Pest control can make us more
comfortable – but can also save lives. กำจัดเห็บหมัด
The word pest is very subjective as one man’s insect may be another male’s
helper. For instance, infestation A may be a threat to crop A, and pest B a threat to
crop W. However, if pest N is a natural ttacker to pest A, then this farmer who
wishes to safeguard crop A may progress and release pest M between his crops.
There is also a theory that without male’s intervention in the food chain through
agriculture, seeking and long distance travel there is no infestations. The
theory continues that man’s intervention (for occasion, in cultivating and
launching pest B, or in carrying creatures long distances) has upset the balance
of the food cycle, producing instability in pest and other animal amounts and
distorting their advancement. This instability has led to over-population of a
species with the result that they have become pests. Having said this, if we think about the very first travel swat was your first
instance of pest control – and we know that large animals swat flies – it could be
argued that insect control goes back way before humans came on the scene.
The first recorded instance of insect control takes us back again to 2500BC when the Sumerians
used sulphur to manage insects. Then around 1200BC the Chinese, in their great
age of breakthrough towards end of the Shang Dynasty, were using chemicals to
control pests. The Chinese continued to develop more complex
chemicals and techniques of controlling bugs for crops and for people’s comfort.
Certainly the spread of pest control know-how was helped by the advanced state of
Chinese writing ability. Even though progress in pest control methods undoubtedly
continued, the next significant scrap of evidence does not come until around
750BC when Homer described the Ancient greek use of wood lung burning ash spread on land as a sort of
About 500BC the Chinese were using mercury and curare compounds as a means
to control body louse, a common problem through history. In 440BC the Old
Egyptian’s used angling nets to cover their beds or their homes at night as a
protection from mosquitoes
Coming from 300BC
there is proof of the employment of use of predatory insects to control pests,
although this process was almost certainly developed before this date. The Péripétie
developed pest control methods and these ideas were spread throughout the
200BC, Roman interventor Cato encouraged the use of oils as a means of pest control
and in 70AD Pliny the Elder wrote that galbanum resin (from the fennel plant)
should be added to sulphur in order to discourage insects. In 13BC the first recorded rat-proof grain store was built by the Romans.
The first known instance where predatory pests were transported from one area to another starts from Arabia around 1000AD where date growers relocated cultures of ants from neighboring mountains to their oasis plantations in order
to prey on phytophagous ants which attacked time palm.
Despite the enlightenment provided by the aged Chinese, Arabs and Aventure,
a lot of their teachings performed not pass down though time. Certainly in European countries
during the dark age range, methods of pest control were just as likely to be depending on
irrational belief and local spiritual motions as any proven method. Pests were often
seen as personnel of wicked – in particular those that messed up food, crops or animals.
Although there were unquestionably studies of pests during the dark ages, do not
have any noted proof of this.
This is not until the European renaissance when more proof of pest control
emerges. In 1758 the great Swedish botanist and taxonomist Carolus Linnaeus
catalogued and named many unwanted pests. His writings were (and remain) the root and
source of future analyze into pests (as well as plants and family pets generally). At
the same time, the agricultural wave started out in Europe and heralded a more wide-spread application of pest control. With all the work of Linnaeus and other
scholars and the commercial needs to ensure crops and animals were protected,
pest control became more systemized and spread across the world. As global
trade increased, new insect poison were discovered.
At this point pest control was carried out by growers and some homeowners
as an everyday activity. By simply early nineteenth century yet , this changed
as studies and writings started to appear that treated insect control as a
individual discipline. Increasing use of intensive and large size farming helped bring
complementing increases in the strength and scale of infestation scares including the
disastrous eliminato famine in Ireland in 1840. Pest control management was scaled
up to meet these demands, to the point that dedicated pest controllers commenced to
emerge throughout the 20 th century.
In 1921 the first crop-spraying aeroplane was employed and in 62 flying insect control was revolutionized when Insect-o-cutor began selling fly killer
machines using ultra violet lights.
Pest control is still carried out by maqui berry farmers and householders to this day.
There are also pest control specialists (sometimes called pesties); many
are one-person businesses and others work for large companies. In most countries
the pest control industry has been dogged by a few bad practitioners who have
tarnished the reputation for the highly professional and responsible majority.